Marijuana: Everything You Must Know About The Controversial Drug

Almost everyone in every part of the world has heard about this drug called marijuana. You may not exactly know it as marijuana depending on the part of the world you live in, it goes by several other local and official names such as cannabis, ganja, Indian hemp, ‘igbo’, ‘pot’, weed, ‘Mary Jane’, herbs, grass, ‘joint’, hay, ‘jay’, etc.

Marijuana is indisputably the most common illegal drugs used across the world, especially among the youth. It is made from the shredded leaves, stems, seeds, and flowers of the hemp (Cannabis sativa) plant. It looks like green, brown, or gray dried parsley. It could be smoked in the form of a hand-rolled cigarette (called a joint or a nail), in a pipe, (also known as a bong). It could also be smoked placed inside hollowed-out cigars called blunts, mixed into foods; or brewed as tea. However, all these are things I guess you already know about cannabis. Here are a lot more you never knew…

Nature Facts

  • Marijuana is the dried flower, leave, viable seeds and stems of the Cannabis sativa plant, while hemp is the stalk, stem and sterilized seeds of the plant.
  • The seeds of cannabis produce the most productive and nutritious vegetable oil and protein.
  • According to the NY Times, Marijuana has various strains – some mild and others, strong. The mild strains which are considered normal contain 3.75 percent of THC while strong strains, such as the one called “Green Crack” test higher, at 21 percent. The gap between 3.75 percent and 21 percent shows that all species are definitely not created equal.
  • Beer’s hops are in the same family of flowering plants with marijuana.
  • Synthetic marijuana exists and is made from herbs, incense or other leafy materials on which lab-synthesized liquid chemicals are sprayed to mimic the effect of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the chemical content of real cannabis. Discovery shows that it has more dangerous effects than natural cannabis.

See: How Ghana In 2014 Became No. 1 Indian Hemp Smoking Country in the World

Health Facts

  • Marijuana damages brain structure: Smoking cannabis doesn’t just cause a temporary high. It can create changes in the structure of the brain which can adversely affect brain functioning of the individual.
  • It could be a gateway drug: Over time, it has been discovered that there is a tendency that marijuana smokers proceed to smoke harder and more dangerous drugs such as cocaine, opium, etc.
  • It not only makes one high and gay but could cause serious disorders such as panic, delusions, anxiety, hallucinations, increased heart rate, and several other effects that are certainly not mild.
  • Marijuana smokers stand the risk of respiratory illnesses as cigarette smokers.
  • Some researchers posit that it is less harmful than alcohol and tobacco, while some others on the contrary have discovered that over 400 chemicals are present in marijuana smoke and the amount of tar and the level of carbon monoxide inhaled are 3 to 5 times higher than the ones in a cigarette.

Medical Facts

OAKLAND, CA - SEPTEMBER 23: A bud grows on a marijuana plant at Oaksterdam University, the nation's first marijuana trade school, September 23, 2010 in Oakland, California. (Photo by Tony Avelar/The Christian Science Monitor via Getty Images)

Although marijuana has a generally bad image, we should never forget its one of the natural plants created by God to serve mankind good purposes when used in the right ways. It has been found to ameliorate several chronic illnesses which we’re going to talk about below:

  • Glaucoma: According to research, smoking marijuana reduces pressure in the eyeballs which damages the optic nerve, causing a sight problem known as glaucoma which results to loss of vision.
  • Stops the spread of cancer cells: Though it has not been substantiated that marijuana could kill cancer cells, but it has been proven to chill them, thereby preventing them from spreading.
  • Reliefs severe multiple sclerosis and chemotherapy pains: It has been used for decades to stimulate appetite and treat nausea and vomiting, especially in patients undergoing chemotherapy. Its success in easing the symptoms of multiple sclerosis patients led to the development of Sativex, a drug manufactured by GW Pharmaceuticals that includes THC and cannabidiol, a cannabinoid that isn’t psychoactive.
  • Soothes tremors for people with Parkinson’s disease: Recent research from Israel shows that smoking hemp significantly reduces pain and tremors and improves sleep for Parkinson’s disease patients.
  • Only 9% of users become clinically dependent: A moderate and controlled use of marijuana is known to cause no significant or permanent harm to adults and its considerably safe.

Also see: Kofi Annan Calls For Legalization of Cannabis

General Facts


Marijuana is legal and not classified as a drug in North Korea.

Uruguay in 2013, became the first country to legalize its cultivation, sale, and consumption in the world.

Legal marijuana is the fastest growing industry in the US in 2015.

The first use of marijuana according to history was in China 4700 years ago.

Also read: Filth Infested Countries of the World: Ghana Ranks No. 7 in The List

Weird Facts

  • 789 grams of 2,700-year-old marijuana was found in a Chinese tomb in 2008.
  • The first thing ever bought and sold across the Internet was a bag of marijuana around 1971.
  • Rastafarians are legally allowed to possess marijuana in Italy due to it being a ‘sacrament’ to the religion.
  • Bob Marley was buried with his red Gibson guitar, a Bible open to Psalms 23 and a bud of marijuana.
  • In the Netherlands, there are dozens of public facilities where you can bring recreational drugs including marijuana, cocaine and ecstasy to test if they are safe.

Economic Facts


  • An acre of hemp, on an annual basis, produces 300 gallons of seed oil (for fuel, plastics and food), 3 tons of high protein hemp-seed meal, 10 tons of bast fiber for canvas, rope lace and linen, 25 tons of hurd fiber for paper and building materials, and, from its leaves and biomass, ethanol for fuel too.
  • Hempseed oil will be the most productive source of biodiesel fuel when legalized, and it is also a nontoxic resource for plastics and other synthesized products.
  • The tough fibres produced by cannabis (and the related hemp plant) have had many uses from fabrics to ropes, clothing to carpets.
  • Cannabis is used in producing some consumer goods such as hair creams, skin care products, bakeries, and medicines.

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